” with a 208,000 increase in the number of unemployed, reflecting an increase of 165,000 in urban areas and 43,000 in rural areas, the unemployed working population rose from 1,084,000 in the first quarter of 2019 to 1,292,000 in the first quarter of 2020, recording an increase in the overall volume of unemployment at the national level of 19.1%,” the HCP said in a report on the situation of the labour market in Q1-2020.
Thus, the unemployment rate went from 13.3% to 15.1% in urban areas and from 3.1% to 3.9% in rural areas, states the same source, noting that the main increases were among young people aged 15 to 24 (3.9 points), people aged 25 to 34 (2.3 points), people with a diploma (1.9 points) and men (1.6 points).
The figures were highest, in particular, among women (14.3% compared to 9.3% among men), young people aged 15-24 (26.8% compared to 8.2% among those aged 25 and over) and those with a diploma (17.8% compared to 3.6% among those with no diploma).
Besides, the note recalls that, in line with the recommendations of the International Labour Office (ILO), according to the approach of the National Employment Survey, underemployment consists of two components, the first related to the number of hours worked and the second to the insufficiency of income or the mismatch between training and employment.
Overall, both components of underemployment increased from 1,043,000 to 954,000 persons at the national level, from 533,000 to 531,000 persons in the cities and from 510,000 to 423,000 in the countryside. The underemployment rate thus rose from 9.7% to 8.8% at the national level, from 8.8% to 8.7% in urban areas and from 10.7% to 8.9% in rural areas.
86.1 per cent of the under-employed working population is male, 44.3 per cent rural, 34.3 per cent under the age of 30 and 47.3 per cent with a higher education qualification, with 14.8 per cent having a higher education qualification, according to the HCP.