Habib El Malki, Speaker of the House of Representatives, is a prominent Moroccan politician and one of the most important activists of the Socialist Union of Popular Forces (USFP) party. He was present during several key political and historical phases of the party and ran for the position of Secretary General in 2012 at the party’s national conference in Skhirate to succeed Abdelwahed Radi. However, Driss Lachgar won the votes by a majority.
He was born in 1946 in Bijaâd in one of the most famous oriental families of the region. In parallel with his passion for politics, he studied economics and has written several books and research papers in French and Arabic in this field. These include “L’économie marocaine et la crise” (“The Moroccan Economy and the Crisis”) published in 1986 and “L’économie marocaine: bilan d’une décennie (1970-1980)” (“The Moroccan Economy: Review of a Decade (1970-1980)”.
El Malki has undertaken various assignments during his political career. Indeed, he was director of publication of the two USFP titles “Al Itihad Al Ichtiraki” and “Liberation” from January 2015 to February 2019. He was also appointed by the late Hassan II in 1990 Secretary General of the National Council of Youth and the Future (CNJA). He was also President of the Moroccan Center for Business Conditions (CMC) and was chosen member of the Academy of the Kingdom of Morocco.
El Malki is a former Minister of Agriculture, Rural Development and Fisheries in the government of Abderrahman El Youssoufi in 1998. In 2002, he became Minister of National Education, Higher Education and Executive Training in the government of Driss Jettou.
Moreover, El Malki was a professor at the Faculty of Legal and Economic Sciences in Rabat, then President of the Groupement d’études et de recherches sur la Méditerranée (GERM). He has also been associate professor in many European universities such as Louvain, Collège de France in addition to the National Center for Scientific Research in Paris.
He has worked in several international organizations including WHO, IFAD and UNESCO.
El Malki is recognized as an Officer of the Order of the Throne, awarded the Medal of Economic Merit by the Luso-Arab Institute for Cooperation (ILAC), and decorated Officer of the Legion of Honor of the French Republic in Paris.