Violence in the family home remains the most widespread form of violence in Morocco, with 52% (6.1 million women), an increase of one point compared to 2009. On the other hand, other areas of life have seen a decline in violence, from 33% to 13% in public places and from 24% to 19% in the educational space, according to a study carried out by the Office of the High Commissioner for Planning on Moroccans’ perceptions of violence against women.
Violence against women in urban areas has decreased, unlike in rural areas where it has increased in all areas of life, according to the same study that confirmed that women victims of violence do not file complaints. Thus, following the most serious physical and/or sexual violence suffered by women in the last 12 months, only 10.5% of them filed complaints with the police or other competent authorities, compared to 3% in 2009. This percentage does not exceed 8% in cases of domestic violence, compared to 11% in cases of non-spousal violence.
According to the results of this survey, one of the main reasons why victims cannot file a complaint with the authorities is: amicable conflict resolution, family intervention, fear of reprisals by the perpetrator, as well as feelings of shame or embarrassment, particularly in cases of sexual violence.
In addition, more women than men consider that violence against themselves (73% versus 55%) or against children (69% versus 48%) has increased over the past five years. On the other hand, more men believe that violence against themselves has increased (49% versus 26%).
As for the area where violence is most committed against the female, 57% of women consider it to be the marriage, compared to 21% of men who agree with this view.