Spain: The migratory cycle begins soon for the seasonal women of Huelva

According to the Europe Press agency, about 15,000 Moroccan women will arrive in the Spanish fields of Huelva to participate in the harvest campaign of the red fruit, including a new contingent of 5,000 female workers.

The news agency reports, according to government sources, that the Moroccan workers were to begin to flow to the Spanish farms from January to mid-March, in three stages, and it is expected that some 10,000 workers will arrive. 

Between the second week of March and the first days of April, 5,000 workers will move from Morocco to Spain.

    Under the title: “Empowerment of female circular migrant workers in Morocco”, a publication prepared by the International Organization for Migration (IOM), the authors highlight the entrepreneurial characteristics of seasonal workers.

It shows that most of them return to Morocco with 25,000 dirhams or more at the end of each season in Spain. “It is therefore the salary and the ability to earn money that encourage them to leave,” says the report decrypted by the daily “Les Inspirations Eco”, stating that 97% of them declare themselves more confident. Thus, almost half of the seasonal workers earn between 1000 and 1500 euros per month and 95% are satisfied with their remuneration.

The distribution of earnings upon return is oriented towards family-related expenses: household, children, housing. 71% of the respondents selected the box corresponding to the purchase of clothing for the children and 60% for the children’s schooling. Half of the respondents put their savings in the purchase of a property. 

As for savings, the percentage is calculated according to the duration of the work and the expenses incurred during the stay. Specifically, 2% of the women interviewed managed to save 60,000 dirhams at the end of each campaign, i.e., after 5 to 6 months in the country.   

It should be noted that the return to the country is an obligation for all these women, hence the notion of circular migration. In order for this return to be efficient, certain conventions have been put in place: to be a woman, to be between 25 and 45 years old, to have a minimum of one child under the age of 18 and preferably to have some knowledge of agricultural trades.   

In addition, we learn in these 44 pages of the study that the most significant age group is that of 40 years and over (53% of them). Those between 30 and 40 years old represent 34% and only 12% are under 30 years old. Of the 300 women surveyed, 53% are married, 35% are divorced, and 9% are widowed. In addition, at least 75% of the participants were from rural areas.  

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